His studies at the normal school and at the University of Moscow have been interrupted by the action against the Russian occupation of Polish territory. She ran a Red Cross Hospital.
Louise Dobrzynska-Rybicka, Poland ->
She organized pre-elections for the purpose of collaborating in the formation of the necessary elite to support the national movement under the German regime (Poznan). She took an active part in the movement of independence which started in 1916 in Germ. Poland and she collaborated in working on the Silesian Plebiscite.
Joseph Dowbor-Musnicki, Poland ->
created in Russia the first Polish Corps and he victoriously fought against the bolsheviks.
Józef Galuszka, Poland ->
In 1920 he fought in the Polish bolshevist war as a Polish officer.
Wysocki, von Anton Godziemba, Poland ->
In 1919, he actively participated in the defense of the city of Cracow against the Ukrainian troups.
Benedykt Hertz, Poland ->
The fables of B. Hertz imitate La Fontaine only in the form, their themes are his own and are original. They touch various political and social questions in the form of poetry which the Russian census would not have permitted to touch frankly. Thus these fables are historical documents, and they belong to the fight for the Polish independence.
Henri Koral, Poland ->
The "Grève scolaire" in Poland, of which he was one of the chiefs and the revolution 1904-1905 to which he participated, were the most important moments of his public life.
Stanislaw Kot, Poland ->
In September 1933 he was discharged by the government from the chair of the University of Cracow in connection with the resistance of professors against the suppression of autonomy in the University.
Ludwik Krzywicki, Poland ->
was a member of the Warsaw civil committee (Komitel Obywatelski) from 1915 to 1916 until the German authorities abolished this first organization of Polish self-government.
Wincenty Lutoslawski, Poland ->
Teaching as private dozent at Cracow University, suspended by Austrian Government for intensely national character and predictions of Polish independence. He keeps a vast international correspondence on Poland and Polish national thoughts.
Arnold Makowski-Sarjusz, Poland ->
participated in the prewar Polish democratic movement for liberty from Russia. He was twice (1899 and 1901) imprisoned
Katie Malecka, Poland ->
She was imprisoned in Warsaw during the Russian rule and was freed by the intercession of England. She lectured afterwards in Great Britain on Polish affairs and the treatment of Poland by Russia.
Marian Morelowski de Prus, Lithuania ->
In 1921-1926 he was Chief of the Section for the recuperation of Polish collections confiscated since 1772 by Russia and redemanded in force by the treaty of Riga by special Polish delegations in Moscow and Petersburg.
Marie Rodziewicz, Poland ->
Her parents were exiled after the insurrection of 1863; hard labor to hold on to the land estate, revolution 1905; World War 1914-1918, German occupation, economical devaluation by the Bolsheviks, resurrection of Poland, hard struggle against the crisis.
Ladislas Sikorski (de Kopaszyna), Poland and France ->
During the Polish Soviet War he was Head of the group of operations in Polesia. During the course of the decisive battle on the Vistula on August 6/26, 1920, he was commander of the army and of the left wing of the Polish army which supported the encounter of 3/5 of the red army approaching Warsaw. A victory was obtained and the Soviet army was driven back. He also defeated the famous army of the cavalry of the general Budienny. Through this victory he could occupy Wolhynia and all of the fortified zone of this region. In 1921/22 he was Chief of the General Staff of the Polish army and one of the main organizers of the army. After the assassination of Narutowicz, President of the Polish Republic, he was called to the Presidency of the Ministry Council. He re-established order in Poland.
Artur Sliwinski, Poland ->
Participated in the Polish Socialist movement and since 1915 he was President of the National Central Committee which was the head of the political movement fighting for the Polish independence against Russia,as well as against Austria and Germany. This movement was in strict correlation with Joseph Pilsudski and his Legions. In 1917 he became member of the State Council convened by a manifest of Willaim II. and Charles II., but he soon retired being in opposition with the opportune politic of State Council with regard to German Regime.
Stefan Starzynski, Poland ->
was active among Polish students under the Russian occupation until 1914 and as an agitator for the boycott of Russian schools. He was in Russian prisons (1910-11), served with the Polish legions (1914-1917), was interned by the Germans for refusing the German oath (1917), in the Polish army (1918-21), left the army as a captain (1921), and was a member of the Committee for the Re-evacuation of Moscow (1921-24)
Andrew (pen name: Galecki Taddeus) Strug, Poland ->
Upon return from political internment he was active in Polish Socialist Party and the Independence Party and became the editor of the illegal Peasant Paper "Gazeta Ludowa". He participated in the revolution of 1905 and was arrested, sentenced to prison and exiled from the country. From 1908 to 1914 he lived in Paris and kept busy on his literary works. After the world war he participated in the Independence Action of Poland during the German occupation of his country. In 1928 he was elected to the Senate of the Independent Polish Republic.
Countess Marie Bianka Joanne Wielopolska, Poland ->
The year 1912 was decisive for her; she got in connection with political conspiratory spheres and devoted all her literary activity to the Polish independence and to the party of Marshal Pilsudski. The subject of her novels published then (Kryjaki - on the insurrection of 1863, with a preface of Zeromski - 5 editions (among which one in Chicago) and her articles was the Polish irredentist action.
Marian Zdziechowski, Wilno ->
attended 1905-1907 the Congress of Zemstows of the Russian Empire for the rapproachment of Poland and Russia.